SULT

 

MOS 0842

Field artillery radar operators perform all the duties incident to installation, orientation, and operation of field artillery radar equipment. They prepare the radar equipment, power generator and associated equipment for movement and operation, lay communications wire, install and operate field telephones, perform preventive maintenance, construct field fortifications, and camouflage and protect the equipment position.Nam justo augue, dictum a, hendrerit

 

 

Requirements/Prerequisites
(1) Must possess a GT Score of 105 or higher.
(2) Complete the Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator Course.
(3) Must be a U.S. citizen.
(4) This MOS will be retained as an additional MOS upon promotion to sergeant in MOS 0848.
 
Duties. For a complete listing of duties and tasks, refer to MCO 1510.81, Individual Training Standards. Related DOT Classification/DOT Code. No civilian equivalent.
 
 

Jun 1975   AN/MPQ-4

dual beam rapid scan radar

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 


      Jan 1977    

The Radar Shop Okinawa Japan           

 

 

 

 

 MOS 0848

 

 

Field Artillery Operations Man

 

Field artillery operations men perform the various duties associated with the operation of a field artillery and mortar fire direction center; operations or training section; survey section; meteorological section; or target acquisition radar section. Duties include preparing personnel and equipment for movement and operation; assisting in location of fire direction center or target acquisition radar in the field; maintaining a situation map, operations journal, and survey records; performing duties incident to the preparation, reproduction, and distribution of operations orders, training orders, memoranda, schedules, status reports, and S-3 periodic reports; preparing operations maps and overlays; assisting in the establishment and operation of artillery meteorological stations, direct atmospheric meteorological observation interpreting, evaluating and distributing atmospheric data; performing duties incident to execution of survey plans essential to proper employment of field artillery; assisting in installation, orientation, operation, and maintaining target acquisition radar equipment; and training personnel in radar, meteorological, survey, and fire direction procedures.

 

Requirements/Prerequisites
(1) Must possess a GT Score of 105 or higher.
(2) Complete the Marine Artillery Operations Chief Course, Ft. Sill, OK and qualify in MOS 0842, 0844, or 0847.
 
Duties. For a complete listing of duties and tasks, refer to MCO 1510.81_, Individual Training Standards. Related DOT Classification/DOT Code. Field Artillery Senior Sergeant.
The FDC was a Section within the Firing Battery that computed solutions to fire missions and relayed the resultant commands to the Howitzer Sections. The "Gunnery Problem" that was solved was that the cannoneers manning the howitzers could not always see the target. If they could, the howitzer could be fired with on-board fire control equipment (sights) much like a rifle. But since the targets were almost always out of sight or fired upon at night, a "Gunnery Team" approach was used to attack them.
 
The Team consisted of Forward Observers who could see or otherwise sense the targets, Howitzers and crews to shoot the targets and FDC's to calculate charge deflections and elevation commands for the guns to use during the mission.
 
The FDC was usually located centrally to the rest of the Firing Battery, and usually had a lot of overhead cover and shelter, since it was a priority target during mortar and sapper attacks. Communication was usually by wire to the Howitzer Sections and by radio to Forward Observers, Supported Units and Battalion Headquarters.

  P
ersonnel usually included the Fire Direction Officer (FDO), a Horizontal Control Operator (HCO) a Vertical Control Operator (VCO) a Battery Computer and an RTO or Battery Recorder.
 
The senior NCO was usually designated the Section Chief in addition to his other duties. The VCO had the responsibility of accounting for the correction due to the difference in altitude of the guns and the target. If we were higher than the target, we would shoot long, or short if we were lower than the target. The HCO kept track of locating the target in the horizontal plane and making shifts from the Forward Observer's corrections. To do that, he'd use a plotting wheel like the one here
 
There sometimes was a mechanical computer present as well.
The FADAC is a solid-state electronic digital computer. It is compact, portable, and rugged. It is approximately 24 x 14 x 34 inches in size and weighs about 200 pounds. It is designed to operate under severe field conditions and storage, and under extreme temperatures of heat and cold. For use by the fire direction center, FADAC requires only the addition of 3-phase 400-cycle power to the fire direction center facilities.
 
 
Transistors are used throughout FADAC circuits. Crystal diodes are used for logical gating. The machine is a stored-program, solid-state (no vacuum tubes), electronic digital computer to be used primarily for automatic computing and visual displaying of firing data (gun orders) for Field Artillery weapons, from inputs defining target and weapon locations together with nonstandard conditions of materiel and weather.
 
It will provide firing data for a battery of weapons. On a one-battery- at-a-time basis, it can provide firing data for mortars, howitzers, guns, and free rockets, firing any ammunition these weapons will use. In emergencies, it can provide data for five similar type batteries, one at a time. By using the memory loading unit, authorized field personnel can make program changes to permit solution of gunnery problems for other weapons in a few minutes time.

 

 It is interesting to note that the FADAC was replaced by the

 TI-59 hand-held programmable calculators.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fire Direction Center

FDC is essential

Without the firing data provided by the FDC, those rounds would seldom strike their intended targets, and artillery would revert back to its former status when it was used only against targets which could be seen from the guns.

 

Tables and graphs and even FADAC are not all the equipment utilized in the FDC. A map is required so that the altitude of the target may be obtained. The exact location of the target with respect to the battery is determined using the firing chart which has the battery located at its center and graphically presents all the ground covered by the range of the weapon in 1000 meter squares. From the firing chart the range and deflection from the battery to the target is determined.

All this equipment can be used to determine data which will send the rounds toward the target, but some more information is yet needed before really accurate fire can be obtained. How about the weather? Even an eight-inch howitzer round is affected by the wind. The flight of the rounds is affected also by the temperature, the density of the air and even the rotation of the earth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

Jan 1975

PVT

 1 Aug 1975

E-2 Private First Class (PFC)

 1 April 1976

E-3 Lance Corporal   ( LCpl)

 1 Feb 1977

E-4 Corporal     (Cpl)

 1 July 1978

E-5 Sergeant   (Sgt)

 

 
 

20 Jan 1975 ~ 19 Jan 1978

Good Conduct

 

20 Jan 1978 ~ 19 Jan 1981

2nd Good Conduct

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal

 
 
 
Establishing Authority 

The Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal was established by Secretary of the Navy H.A. Herbert and was implemented by Navy Department Special Orders Number 49 of July 20, 1896. 

Effective Dates 

The Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal has been awarded for qualifying service from July 20, 1896 to the present. 

Criteria 

The Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal is awarded on a selective basis to enlisted members in the Regular Marine Corps or Marine Corps Reserve to recognize good behavior and faithful service in the U.S. Marine Corps while on active duty for a specified period of time. 
 
Order of Precedence 

The Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal is worn after the Prisoner of War Medal and before the Selected Marine Corps Reserve Medal. 

Devices 

Suspender 

The ribbon was originally suspended from a clasp with rounded ends bearing the words U.S. MARINE CORPS
. This clasp was eliminated because it could not be worn on the medal when it was bar-mounted with other Medals for formal wear.


Enlistment Bars 

The order creating the Marine Corps 
Good Conduct Medal also provided that a bar "of appropriate design" would be issued in lieu of additional Medals. These bars were engraved on the front with the number of the recipient's most recent enlistment and on the reverse with the dates of the enlistment. Enlistment bars were discontinued on January 4, 1953.
Numerals 

In the early years of this century additional awards of the 
Good Conduct  Medal were noted on the ribbon bar worn on the uniform by the use of bronze numerals. These numerals were replaced by bronze stars in 1946. 

Stars 

From January 4, 1953 to the present bronze stars three-sixteenths of an inch in diameter have been used on both the
 Good Conduct Medal and its ribbon bar to denote additional awards. 

First Award 

The first Marine Corps 
Good Conduct Medal was awarded to Sergeant Friedrick Barchewitz. 

Designer 

The Marine Corps
 Good Conduct Medal was designed by Major General Charles Heywood (USMC)

Description and Symbolism 

Obverse 

In the center of a bronze medallion one and a quarter inches in diameter, a Marine gunner is depicted serving a naval gun. This scene is encircled within a rope, and beneath it is a scroll bearing the motto 
SEMPER FIDELIS. Encircling the rope are the words UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS. The whole scene rests upon a foul anchor with its crown tilted to the right. The encircling anchor chain is within the raised rim of the medal. The medal is suspended from a bolt action rifle. 

The general theme of the design is taken from the Navy  
Good Conduct Medal, modified to make it more appropriate for the Marine Corps. Thus, the Constitution in the Navy Medal is replaced by a Marine is dressed in the period of the Civil War; his servicing a naval gun alludes to the role played by Marines aboard warships. The motto SEMPER FIDELIS (Always Faithful) is the official motto of the Marine Corps. The rifle suspender is the Lee Navy rifle, a high velocity magazine fed bolt action rifle that used .236 ammunition. The rope, anchor, and chain are nautical symbols that refer to naval service. 

Reverse 

In the center of a bronze medallion one and a quarter inches in diameter, there is a blank space for the engraving of the recipient's name. Around the inside rim of the medal, the words 
FIDELITY (on the left); OBEDIENCE (on the right), and ZEAL (at the bottom). 

Ribbon 
 
 


The ribbon to the Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal consists of a field of dark red bisected by a stripe of dark blue. The dark red is taken from the Navy Good Conduct Medal and the blue central stripe, which represents the Marine Corps, is added to distinguish the Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal from the Navy Good Conduct Medal. 

Numbering 

Marine Corps Good Conduct Medals were numbered from their inception up to (and including part of) World War II. The style and placement of the numbering varied over time but for most of this period the number was engraved as part of the naming of the medal. A major exception to this was a group of 50,000Medals rim numbered in the 20000 to 70000 range. These Medals were issued to Marines who had enlisted for the duration of the First World War and were issued unnamed. USMC Good Conduct Medals were also named from their inception to 1951, when the practice was discontinued. The style of naming has varied over the years and ranges from elaborate and artistic engraving in the early years to simple impressed naming in the later years.
 
Snack Bar
PTA
Pohakula Training Area Hawaii
Jan 1982

Dockens - Ross -Me

Jan 1977

LSD was the Ship

Jun 1976

 
 
 

My Sister & Me My Sister - My Father -Me - My Mother
 

My Father Glenn R Sult & Me

 
 
 
 
Badges
Marksmanship Badges

The Marine Corps has six types of marksmanship badges, three for rifle and three for pistol. Marines coming out of boot camp generally wear a rifle marksmanship badge and new officers out of The Basic School (TBS) will wear a rifle and pistol marksmanship  badge. The three types of badges are expert, sharpshooter, and marksman. Expert being the best. In order to get the Expert rifle badge you must get a score of 220 out of 250 on the  rifle range. Sharpshooters must get a 210 and Marksmen have to get a 190. Pistol qualification is similar.
 
 
M16 Rifle

 

7 March 1975 Marksmen 198

M16 Rifle 5 March 1976 Sharpshooter 215

M16 Rifle 16 Sept 1977 Sharpshooter 218

M16 Rifle 24 Feb 1978 Sharpshooter 218

M16 Rifle 25 Jan 1981 Expert 224

45 Pistol

 

M1911 .45-caliber ACP automatic pistol

18 Jan 1978 Sharpshooter

45 Pistol 10 Feb 1980 Expert

50 Cal Machine Gun 7 Aug 1976 Fan Fire
60 Cal Machine Gun 7 Aug 1976 Fan Fire
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
USMC Artillery forward observer Binoculars
 
Night
 
Vision
 
 
Laser range finder
 
 
 
 

 

The MPQ-10 was replaced in 1958 by the AN/MPQ-4. The MPQ-4 built by General Electric (now Lockheed/Martin), was a dual beam rapid scan radar using vacuum tube technology, an analog computer, mechanical scanning, and unsophisticated extrapolation techniques. The AN-MPQ-4 operated successfully, as a mortar locating radar; but, its ultimate performance was limited by its need for constant operator alertness, limited multiple target handling capability, and its significantly degraded performance in rain. The MPQ-4 was used in a limited capacity against hostile artillery in VIETNAM.

 
 
The AN/TPQ-5 Artillery Locating Radar was developed along with the MPQ-4 by General Electric. It used similar scanning techniques and also included a monopulse tracker. It met its basic technical requirements; but, changing user requirements caused cancellation of the program. In 1962, another attempt at development of an artillery locating radar resulted in the AN/MPQ-32 built by Sylvania. This was a mechanical scan radar whose ultimate performance was never achieved, primarily due to limitations in the state-of-the-art at that time.

 

Sept 1967

The first computer I used - programed

with black tape that had punched holes

click here

 

USMC School Radar  
USMC DD214 DD214 Correction   Don't Publish
USMC DD214 DD214 Correction 1 Don't Publish
USMC DD214 Robert E Sult DD214   Don't Publish
USMC DD214 Robert E Sult DD214 1 Don't Publish
USMC Discharge Discharge 1978  
USMC Discharge Discharge 1982  
USMC Rank Corporal  
USMC Rank Lance Corporal  
USMC Rank Private First Class  
USMC Rank Sergeant  
USMC School Artillery Survey Course  
USMC School Artillery Survey Specialist course  
USMC School Basic Fire direction  
USMC School Control Center Team  
USMC School Decontamination Course  
USMC School Map Reading  
USMC   Correction of Naval Records Don't Publish
USMC   Good Conduct 1978  
USMC   Good Conduct 1982  
USMC   Military Service  
USMC   reenlistment  
USMC   USMC shot record  

 

 

 

 

 

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Last modified: 09/09/17